Troubador William Daniell's Inverness & the Moray Firth

Released: 28/06/2014

ISBN: 9781783064328

Format: Hardback

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William Daniell's Inverness & the Moray Firth

An Artist's Journey in 1815

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In 1768 the Royal Academy of Arts was founded by George III. The first president of the academy was Sir Joshua Reynolds. William Daniell was born in 1769 and joined the Royal Academy Schools in 1779 at the age of 10. He became a successful artist in oils and watercolours, but his unique and particular skill was as an aquatintist. His ability to transfer his artistic work to aquatint prints was exceptional and was recognised as such by his peers, resulting in his election as a Royal Academician in 1822.

In 1813, at the age of 44, Daniell set about his major work: A Voyage Round Great Britain. Over the years 1813 to 1823 he went on horseback around the country’s coast, dividing the journey into six trips from his residence in London. He made detailed, annotated pencil sketches of interesting views, including in them people and buildings. From these sketches, he finally published 308 aquatint prints together with a comprehensive text describing the landscape and the people.

This book follows part of Daniell’s journey in 1815, from Thurso to Banff, revisiting the places that he visited. It includes good reproductions of the 30 aquatint prints which he finally published, together with present day photographs of these same views insofar as this was possible. The journey covered a wide spectrum of landscape and involved areas of Scotland that were at that time being cleared by local landowners, and areas that were more stable. The observations of other travellers, Thomas Pennant, John MacCulloch and Charles Cordiner are referred to where appropriate.

The book also describes the technique of aquatinting, which requires high artistic skills and dexterity. Containing themes of history, art and travel, this book will appeal to a wide range of readers.

Praise for John Garvey’s first book, William Daniell’s Isle of Skye and Raasay

"This book gives a fresh insight into the life and times on our much loved islands. It would be a wonderful gift or anniversary present.
Clan MacLeod Magazine, April 2010

"What a little gem, to enjoy not only the text and travel details but also the lovely reproductions of so many well-known prints."
West Highland Free Press, December 2009

Press and Journal

Forres Gazette

Inverness Courier, August 12th 2014

The Northern Times, Golspie, Scotland
Friday August 1 2014


This is the second book by John Garvey about the 19th Century Royal Academician William Daniell. His first one, "William Daniell's Isle of Skye and Raasay" published in 2009 was described by one critic as "....an unexpected joy. It is simply an absorbing, original and beautiful book." One can rightly say the same of this his second book, "William Daniell's Inverness and the Moray Firth"

John Garvey is an Invernessian, educated at Inverness Royal Academy. He went on to Glasgow University to study Physics and from there to Oxford. Finally he moved to Birmingham University to become Professor of Particle Physics. On his retirement from the scientific life, he began his research into the life and work of Daniell, whose work had fascinated him from the time he discovered original aquatints in the late 1960's.

Particularly fascinating in Chapter Two is the description of the aquatint process and the challenges it gave to Daniell, the delicacy of the technique required is illustrated by prints and examples of magnified detail. That the history of the area has had an influence on what Daniell found on his journey from Thurso to Banff is also amply illustrated often in Daniell's own words.

"Caithness is the county of castles" an apt description of the coastal area from Thurso "snug within Thurso Bay" to Navidale "a bridgehead of Christian enlightenment in a dark and turbulent land". These succinct descriptions occur again and again throughout the whole book. The castles in all their starkness, but with subtlety of tint, are contrasted with modern colour photographs, thriving 19th century areas, juxtaposed with their present day ruins or in some instances restored buildings. On reaching Berriedale the writer makes this observation, "Daniell's next point of interest is Berriedale about 10 miles south of Dunbeath. He seems to give a verbal sigh of relief when he emerges from the line of Caithness castles into more scenic surroundings!".

The author comments, "Daniell's print of Helmsdale is a very beautiful one. It contains such a wealth of detail. The sketch for this aquatint was made by Daniell in August 1815, when the transformation of Helmsdale from a tiny village into a thriving fishing port was just under way." Here too there is another little gem of information. Daniell stayed at Crackaig and was given a pony by Major Clunes to journey to Dunrobin Castle. The print shows the castle with quite a substantial harbour and it does look, "a very impressive edifice." However as locals know the pier was washed away in a storm in fairly recent times and the foreshore between here and Golspie is under attack from the sea. From Dunrobin he travelled south to Dornoch, where the illustration known to many from Bentinck's book, shows the dominant position of the cathedral and the castle. The Bonar Bridge print is described as "a wonderful restful print". which it undoubtedly is. From Bonar, the journey continues south to the Black Isle, Inverness and the Moray Coast.

The perceptive way in which the author enlarges the details which show the observation and execution of that detail by Daniell shows the thoroughness of his research and adds significantly to the enjoyment of the reader, whether it is the illustration of the boat at Burghead, fisherwomen on the quay at Nairn,the washerwomen on the riverside in Inverness, a sailing boat at Fortrose or the movement of the rowing boat upriver in the print of Bonar Bridge. As readers we are reminded time and again throughout the book of the subtlety of the aquatint process. "What impresses is the naturalness of the aquatint print", "The colours in the print are soft and delicate. The Black Isle and Ben Wyvis sit comfortable in the distance" are but two examples.

Throughout the book from start to finish the reader is made aware of the history of Caithness through Sutherland to the Moray Coast. The Picts, the Norse, the feuding clans, the '45 rebellion, the genealogies of the main families, the Clearances, the Covenanters all played a part in the country depicted by Daniell.
John Garvey concludes with the following words. "The aquatints reproduced in this book were not completed and published until June 1821. For instance the time elapsed between his sketch of Duff House and his completion of the aquatint, was probably 5 years! It is remarkable how much detail must have been retained in his sketches, and how accurate they must have been in all aspects of the view, to allow such wonderful prints to be made." He has written a very enjoyable, accessible book which covers in particular, a part of the north country often missed by those who follow the well trodden west coast tourist trail!

by Anne Barclay


John Garvey

John Garvey was born, brought up and educated in Inverness, the Capital of the Highlands of Scotland. At secondary school he was encouraged to follow an artistic career, but various circumstances, including a strong inclination for the sciences resulted in him studying physics in Glasgow University. This set him upon a career in physics, something which he has never regretted. He has continued to draw and paint in watercolours, and more recently took up the art of the design and production of stained glass panels and windows.



As long ago as 1969 he encountered the work of the aquatintist, William Daniell RA. He held in his hands Daniell’s aquatint print entitled The Coolin , and was overwhelmed by its artistic impact. Daniell is not a well known artist, although his work can be found on the walls of many hotels and public houses in Scotland, but in the days before the World Wide Web, material about him proved difficult to find. Daniell’s Coolin is the mountain Bla Bheinn, which is part of the Cuillins on the Isle of Skye. The print is one of 308 views of scenery around the coast of Great Britain published by Daniell over the years 1814 to 1825. A determination to find out more about William Daniell and his artistic work, set the author along a fascinating journey over the period of many years, which resulted in the book described below.



In a scientific career as an experimental particle physicist and a university lecturer and professor in the University of Birmingham, which spanned 40 years, the author has enjoyed many stimulating and rewarding experiences. These have included carrying out experiments on particle accelerators in CERN Geneva, and in DESY Hamburg, one of which was the UA1 experiment on the CERN proton-antiproton collider. This experiment discovered the W and Z bosons and resulted in the leader of the experiment, Professor Carlo Rubbia, being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983.



The author retired from full time employment in 2003 and since then has spent a fair fraction of his time researching the work of of the artist William Daniell RA. He has written two books describing parts of Daniell's journey round the coast of Great Britain over the period 1813 to 1824. The first book,"William Daniell's Isle of Skye & Raasay" was published in 2009. The second book," William Daniell's Inverness & the Moray Firth" was published in 2014.

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